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荒誕文學在《第二十二條軍規》中的成功運用

時間:2019-06-27 19:54來源:英語論文
Analysis On the successful use of absurdity in Catch-22,英語論文荒誕文學在《第二十二條軍規》中的成功運用

摘 要20世紀60年代的美國處于二戰后的和平時期,這一時期的美國社會凸顯出各種社會問題,揭露了荒誕令人絕望的世界。《第二十二條軍規》就是在這樣的背景下誕生的,它是后現代主義“黑色幽默”流派的奠基作。本論文以文本分析的研究方法為主,著重分析荒誕主義在本小說中的應用,即荒誕主義在小說中的人物刻畫及主題描寫中的表現。結合荒誕主義的特點,以及荒誕主義在這部小說中的詳細體現,闡述了荒誕文學在小說中的應用價值。本論文對荒誕主義的研究能夠幫助讀者更好地欣賞這部小說,進一步了解西方荒誕文學理論,為中國荒誕文學的發展奠定了基礎。36684
畢業論文關鍵詞:荒誕;《第二十二條軍規》;語言;藝術價值
Abstract America was in peace time in the 1960s after World WarⅡ. This period of American society highlights a various kinds of social problems and exposed an absurdly desperate world. Under this background, the Catch-22 was created. It is the foundation of post-modernism black humor. Mainly by text analysis approach, this paper emphatically focuses on the application of absurdism in the novel. That is, how the absurdism is performed in the characterization and theme description. Combined with the characteristics and the details of absurdism, this paper expounds the absurdity literature application value in the novel. In this paper, the research of absurdism can help readers to better appreciate the novel, further understand western literary theory, and lay the foundation for the development of Chinese literary.
Key words: absurdity; Catch-22; language ; artistic value
Analysis On the successful use of absurdity in Catch-22

源`自!六^維"論^文;網www.aftnzs.live


Contents
摘 要    i
Abstract    ii
I. Introduction    1
II. Absurdity    3
2.1 Development of the Absurd School    3
2.2 Characteristics of Absurdity    4
III. Linguistic Analysis of Catch-22    5
3. 1 Contradiction    5
3. 2 Ambiguous Expressions    6
3. 3 Repetition and Inappropriate Sentences    6
3. 4 Circular Conversation    7
IV. Absurdity in Catch-22    8
4.1 Characterization of Catch-22    8
4.1.1 Yossarian    8
4.1.2 Other Characters    9
4.2 Themes of Catch-22    10
4.2.1 The Chaotic World    10
4.2.2 Absurdity of the ruling Class in Military Force    11
V. Conclusion    12
Bibliography    14
Acknowledgements    15
I. Introduction

In this part, the paper is to give a brief introduction of Joseph Heller and the literature review of Catch-22. The author was one of the most famous writers of black humor and the Catch-22, as one of his masterpiece gained world-fame.
Joseph Heller (1923-1999) was one of the most prominent contemporary novelists in the United States, known as a representative of Black Humor. He had published several short stories which are collected in Catch As Catch Can: The Collected Stories and Other Writings (2003), plays—We Bombed in New Haven (1960), Clevenger's Trial (1973), and novels, such as Good as Gold(1979), God Knows(1984) , and the best known ones Catch-22 and Something Happened, and so on.
Born in a Russia-Jewish immigrant family, he led a hard life during his childhood. Critics say that the unique characteristics of his cynical, street-style humor is indebted to his childhood experience in Brooklyn, Coney Island. After graduated from Abraham Lincoln High School in 1941, he served as a bombardier in the Army Air Corps in World War II. In 1944, he was sent to Corsica, Italy, as a B-25 bombardier, and demanded to fly sixty combat missions. It was his personal war experience that solidified his lifelong opposition to war. He began his college education in New York University after returning from the WWII and obtained a M.A. from Columbia University. Since 1958, he worked as an English instructor teaching English fiction and drama writing at Pennsylvania State University. In December, 1999, he died of a heart attack. 荒誕文學在《第二十二條軍規》中的成功運用:http://www.aftnzs.live/yingyu/20190627/35242.html
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