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《欲望號街車》中的象征主義

時間:2019-06-17 19:23來源:英語論文
An Analysis of the Symbolism in A Streetcar Named Desire,英語論文《欲望號街車》中的象征主義

摘 要美國偉大的劇作家田納西•威廉斯于20世紀40年代創作了《欲望號街車》,該劇講述了50年代初南方淑女布蘭奇•杜博伊斯乘坐一輛被稱作“欲望號”的有軌電車來到美國東南部的新奧爾良投奔妹妹施苔拉并在妹妹家逗留的經歷。在該劇中,田納西•威廉斯用了許多象征手法來表現主題,對象征手法的研究將更有利于理解該劇。大多數評論家都在從文化的角度討論該劇如性格沖突,男權統治或女性主義,但很少有人關注該劇中象征主義寫作技巧的運用。本文通過對象征主義藝術的剖析揭露了神秘女主人公布蘭奇沉淪的悲劇和人物的內心世界。希望通過對象征主義的剖析能夠對該劇有更深刻的理解。36443
畢業論文關鍵詞:田納西•威廉姆斯;《欲望號街車》;象征手法
Abstract The play A Streetcar Named Desire was created by USA great playwright Tennessee Williams in the 1940s. The play tells the story of a lady Blanche, who took a streetcar called desire to the southeastern New Orleans of the USA, sought refuge with her sister Stella and stayed in her sister's domicile in the early 50's. A lot of symbolism art was used to highlight the theme by Tennessee Williams in the play. Most critics have evaluated the play from the perspective of culture,such as gender analysis,masculine autonomy or feminism,but few have focused their attention on or attach enough importance to the technical aspect of the play. I believe the study of craftsmanship can lead to a better understanding of the play. This thesis aims to reveal how symbolism enhances the major themes of the play and give a comprehensive analysis of specific symbols through text analysis. Accordingly, it reveals a fascinating and violent tragedy of a southern belle Blanche and the inner worlds of the characters. Hopefully this paper will give more understanding of its symbolism in this play.   源¥自%六:維;論-文'網=www.aftnzs.live
Key words: Tennessee Williams; A Streetcar Named Desire; symbolism
 An Analysis of the Symbolism in A Streetcar Named Desire
Contents
摘 要...i
Abstract...ii
I. Introduction..1
II. The Playwright and the Play.2
2.1 Playwright.2
2.2 Play3
III. The Stage Art and Its Symbolic Meaning.5
3.1 Background Music..5
3.2 Sound.6
3.3 Light. 6
3.4 Shadow .7
IV. The Others and their Symbolic Meanings ..7
4.1 The Physical Things and Their Symbolic Meanings7
4.2 The Abstract Things and Their Symbolic Meanings..12
V. Conclusion.16
Bibliography.17
Acknowledgements..18
I. Introduction
Williams successfully used symbolism to make his work A Streetcar Named Desire has a strong artistic effect. The drama has made such great success because Williams successfully used symbolism and expressionism to highlight the theme. That is "Poetic Realism" named by the Williams. This article will show the unique symbolism in A Streetcar Named Desire. Symbolism, once be considered as one of the oldest and the longest movement (Feidelson, Charles 4). Symbolism, for literature, mainly refers to the abstract concepts .The aim of using it is to express its similar concepts like thoughts or feelings, and the meanings of the specific images is far more than itself"(Robert 326). Symbolism had been mistranslated as something similar to expressionism by 1919. Merezhkovski was the founder of the school of symbolism in Rsusian literature, and his symbolism was touched with religion and philosophy. Over the years, the main research on A Streetcar Named Desire is how symbols elucidate themes, depicting persons, expressing the conflict of contradictory, and so on. YangJin claims that , “these three words like desire, death and dementia run through Blanche’s all trip, which is a symbol of Blanche’ s tragic fate.” written in Journal of Jinggangshan(61). The director of the original Broadway production Elia Kazan says, “All her behavior is those of the dying civilization she represents” (qtd.in). He insists that Williams charts the decline not only of characters but of an entire civilization. According to Guerin, “When an image (or an incident or other discrete item) takes on meaning beyond its objective self, it moves into the realm of symbol” (qtd.in). This thesis aims to reveal how symbolism enhances the major themes of the play and give a comprehensive analysis of specific symbols in this play and discuss how the misery and inner of the characters are disclosed through the remarkable use of symbols and hope to give more understanding of its symbolism in this play. 《欲望號街車》中的象征主義:http://www.aftnzs.live/yingyu/20190617/34902.html
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