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《麥琪的禮物》所闡釋人性意識

時間:2019-06-17 19:17來源:英語論文
On the Human Consciousness Manifested in The Gift of Magi,英語論文淺析《麥琪的禮物》所闡釋人性意識

摘要《麥琪的禮物》是歐•亨利在20 世紀初寫的,他是世界上最杰出的小說家之一。這篇小說講的是關于德拉和吉姆在圣誕節前一天給對方送的一份寶貴的禮物,他們是最聰明的人而且展現了他們自己美麗的心靈。論文主要論述了麥琪的禮物中的主人翁德拉和吉姆互贈禮物所闡釋的人性意識。首先,本文分析了亨利的小說關注人性的根本原因。其次,本文分析了亨利小說中的人性意識的反映。再次,展現麥琪的禮物所闡述了人類意識。作者旨在批判和鞭撻對資本主義社會的丑陋的行為,歌頌人性的純真與美好。本論文采用實地經驗、開放采訪、觀察法、文獻分析法和案例研究進行研究。論文可以加深對《麥琪的禮物》的理解。36442
畢業論文關鍵詞: 歐?亨利; 黑色幽默; 人性意識; 含淚的笑
Abstract The Gift of Magi is written by William Sydney Porter, also known as O • Henry, who is one of the world’s most prominent novelists in early 20th century. It is about Della and Jim who are the most intelligent people who use their own beautiful mind to give an invaluable gift to the other on the day before Christmas. This paper mainly discusses the human consciousness of Della and Jim in The Gift of Magi. On the basis of the theory of “Human Consciousness” in Henry’s novel, this paper mainly illustrated human consciousness. Firstly, this paper analyzes the fundamental cause of human nature in Henry’s novel. Secondly, this paper analyzes the reflection of human consciousness in Henry’s novel. Thirdly, it illustrated human consciousness in The Gift of Magi. The author aimed at reaching its critique and whipping on capitalist society of the ugly acts, and sings for the beauty of humanity. Hopefully this paper will be beneficial to the understanding of the novel. 源¥自%六:維;論-文'網=www.aftnzs.live
Key words: O • Henry; Black humor; Human consciousness; Smile with tears
Contexts
摘要    i
Abstract    ii
I. Introduction    1
II. The Fundamental Cause of Human Consciousness as the Theme of Henry’s Novel    2
2.1 Personal Experiences    3
2.2. Social Background    4
III.The Reflection of Human Consciousness in Henry’s Novel    5
3.1 Criticism against Humanity Scandal    5
3.2 Praising Human Virtues    6
3.3 Characterizing the Pursuit of Goodness    7
IV. Illustrating Human Consciousness in The Gift of Magi    8
V. Conclusion    12
Bibliography    14
Acknowledgements    15
On the Human Consciousness Manifested in The Gift of Magi
I. Introduction
Along with the development of capitalism into monopoly, all kinds of social conflicts developed increasingly in the early 20th century in America. Henry lived in lower classes; all kinds of social phenomenon strengthen his sense of the contradiction. Twists and turns of life, rich experience, unique perspective and sharp observation make him generalize social phenomena vividly in his work, such as lower labor and poverty of the hardships of the masses, respectable upper-class crook, predatory oligarchs, unscrupulous sale of high-ranking government post, thieves, robbers, vagabond life, as well as unemployment, crime and so on. His work is full of compassion for the poor. But he tries his best to expose the bourgeois exploiters from different angles, revealing the angry rebellion against exploitation, oppression and aspiration. Henry has created more than 270 short stories, one novel and a small number of poems. Henry’s poetry reflects his attitude towards social conflicts. He wrote birds, old village, praises rangers and criticized the unfair social phenomena. But the smaller number of achievement was modest, and they have little effect. In contrast, many of his letters are wonderful essay, talking about life and creativity with his editor, expressing the author’s attitude towards life and creative ideas. Henry’s representative works are The Gift of Magi, The COP and The Anthem and The Last Leaf. His famous novels are The Unaware, The City Report, The Distribution Room of Furniture, Double Liar and other, which use true and accurate details, vivid and concise language to make a series of lifelike art image in front of the reader. And he occupies an important position in the history of the world short stories. Someone once put him as a “United States of Guy de Maupassant”. 《麥琪的禮物》所闡釋人性意識 :http://www.aftnzs.live/yingyu/20190617/34901.html
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