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從《浮士德的悲劇》看文藝復興對英國文化的影響

時間:2019-06-10 22:03來源:英語論文
Analysis of the Influence of the Renaissance on British Culture from Tragedy of Faustus英語論文從《浮士德的悲劇》看文藝復興對英國文化的影響

摘 要《浮士德的悲劇》是克里斯托弗•馬洛由浮士德的故事改編而成的一出戲,戲中浮士德為了獲取力量和知識將靈魂賣給了魔鬼。本文用深入閱讀和文本分析的方法,通過分析浮士德在知識、愛情和理想三方面的悲劇來解釋英國文化在文藝復興的背景下的新改變。可以看到,浮士德是英國文化的縮影和典型的推動文化發展的知識分子代表。希望本文能加深對當時知識分子的追求和英國文化發展的理解。36171
畢業論文關鍵詞:《浮士德的悲劇》;文藝復興;英國文化;影響
Abstract    The Tragedy of Faustus is a play by Christopher Marlowe, based on the Faust story, in which Faustus sells his soul to the devil for power and knowledge. With the methods of close-reading and text analysis, this paper explains the new change of British culture under the background of the Renaissance through the analysis of Faustus’s tragedies of knowledge, love and ideal. Accordingly, we can see that Faustus is an epitome of British culture and a representative of intellectuals who propel cultural development. Hopefully this paper will deepen the understanding of the pursuit of intellectuals and the cultural development of the period.
Key words: Tragedy of Faustus; Renaissance; British culture; influence
Analysis of the Influence of the Renaissance on British Culture from Tragedy of Faustus
Contents
摘要    i
Abstract    ii
I. Introduction    1
II. Tragedy of Knowledge    2
2.1 Knowledge Faustus Pursued    2
2.2 Development of Culture in British Renaissance    4
2.3 Agreement Between Faustus’s Pursuit and Cultural Development    5
III. Tragedy of Love    6
3.1 Faustus’s Love    6 源`自*六)維[論*文'網www.aftnzs.live
3.2 Agreement between Faustus’s Love and the Love View in Renaissance    8
3.3 Influence of the Renaissance Love on British Culture    8
IV. Tragedy of Ideal    9
4.1 Ideal of Faustus    9
4.2 Analysis of Faustus’s Spirit    9
4.3 Influence of Renaissance on British Culture    11
4.4 Faustus—A Microcosm of British Culture    11
V. Conclusion    12
Bibliography    14
Acknowledgements    15
I. Introduction
    Dr. Faustus, the main character of Marlowe’s play, is reshaped from the old German legend. Faustus is an excellent scholar who strongly desires to acquire all kinds of knowledge. He is tired of his present study on the academic curriculum and becomes interested in black magic. By conjuration he calls up Mephistopheles who is the Devil’s servant. Faustus makes a bet with Mephistopheles. He sold his soul to the Devil in return for twenty-four years of life in which he may get the services of Mephistopheles who will offer him everything he wants. Thanks to the Devil, Faustus introduces his magical art into full play, at the same time, Faustus has experienced much internal conflict, such as in the appearances of both Good Angel and Bad Angel in the final scene. There exists merely the scary soliloquy in which the anguish of the hero’s mind is poignantly symbolized. Tragedy of Faustus is based on an older tale; it is believed to be the first drama of the Faust legend.
Some scholars believe that Marlowe developed the story from a popular translation, commonly called The English Faust Book in 1592. It is thought that there existed an earlier, lost, German edition of 1587, which may have been influenced by even earlier, equally missing pamphlets in Latin. No matter what the inspiration is, the development of Marlowe’s play is very faithful to the original, especially in the way it mixes comedy with tragedy. 從《浮士德的悲劇》看文藝復興對英國文化的影響:http://www.aftnzs.live/yingyu/20190610/34515.html
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