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上海話中不禮貌話語的語法化

時間:2019-06-02 16:59來源:英語論文
Grammaticalization of Impolite Discourse in Vernacular Shanghai Dialect ,英語論文上海話中不禮貌話語的語法化

Acknowledgments   At the point of finishing my thesis, I’d like to express my sincere thanks to all those who have lent me hands in the course of my writing this paper.
First of all, I'd like to take this opportunity to show my sincere gratitude to my supervisor, associate professor Mrs. Miao, who gave me constant guidance and encouragement in the process of my writing. She offered me much considerable and constructive advice, practical and profound suggestions. She has tried her best to improve my thesis. Without her support and help, the completion of the present thesis would be impossible.35959
Secondly, as a student of the School of Foreign Languages, Shanghai Institute of Technology, I feel very fortunate and proud, because all my professors and teachers are affable and knowledgeable. They gave me a lot of careful and generous help. I want to give my whole-hearted thanks to all of them. I am also grateful to my classmates and roommates for their encouragement, support, comments and wise advice.
Lastly, I wish to devote this paper to my parents for their everlasting dedication that they have shown since I was just a little child.
Abstract In linguistics, grammaticalization is a process of language change by which words representing objects and actions transform to become grammatical markers. Grammaticalization is a powerful aspect of language, as it creates new function words within language. However, grammaticalization not only occurs in official languages such as English, Mandarin, but also occurs in dialects. In this study, the Shanghai dialect will be used as the research object. Some typical examples will be listed and combined with the theories of grammaticalization in order to explore the process of grammaticalization of some discourse in which impolite connotations arise and to disclose the motivation behind the changes.
The paper falls into six parts. The first part serves as an introduction. The second part aims at elaborating the issues of grammaticalization and politeness. The third part will analyze how metaphor plays the role in the progress of the grammaticalization of the phrases in spoken Shanghai dialect. The fourth part probes into morphological changes of the phrases. The fifth part will analyze the motivation of the grammaticalization of the phrases. The sixth part functions as a conclusion.
源¥自%六:維;論-文'網=www.aftnzs.live

Key Words: grammaticalization, impoliteness, Shanghai dialect
摘要在語言學中,語法化是指一個原本表示對象和動作的單詞逐漸演變成語法標記的過程。語法化是語言發展的強大推動力量,它創造出了語言中新的功能詞匯。然而語法化不僅發生在英語和普通話這些官方語言之中,同樣也會發生在方言之中。本篇論文將上海話作為研究對象,通過列舉一些例子并結合語法化研究理論,探究上海話中某些不禮貌話語的語法化過程以及其發生語法化的動因。
本篇畢業論文共分為六部分。第一部分是導入。第二部分闡述了語法化和禮貌。第三部分分析隱喻是如何影響上海話中不禮貌話語的語法化。第四部分探究這些話語的形態句法變化。第五部分分析這些話語產生語法化的動因。第六部分是結論。
關鍵詞:語法化,不禮貌,上海話  
CONTENTS
Acknowledgements……i
Abstract………………………ii
摘要………..iii
1 Introduction    1
2 Grammaticalization and Politeness    3
2.1 Views of Grammaticalization    3
2.2 Politeness and Impoliteness    4
2.3 Mechanisms of Grammaticalization5
3 Metaphoric Factors in the Grammaticalization of Impolite Discourse in Vernacular Shanghai Dialect    7
3.1 qiē fá xiáo 切伐消 can’t bear    7
3.2 qiē bāo 切飽 enough    8 上海話中不禮貌話語的語法化:http://www.aftnzs.live/yingyu/20190602/34194.html
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