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試析《黑暗的心》中人性的轉變

時間:2019-05-17 22:14來源:英語論文
An Analysis on The Changes of Human Nature Reflected in Heart of Darkness英語論文試析《黑暗的心》中人性的轉變

Acknowledgements I am greatly indebted to my thesis supervisor, Ms. Deng. Without her patient assistance and friendly encouragement, it would not be possible for me to complete this thesis in such a short period of time without reducing its scholarly quality. Her willingness to give me her time so generously has been much appreciated. Truly, without her painstaking efforts in revising and polishing my drafts, the completion of the present thesis would not have been possible.35471
My sincere thanks should also go to all my teachers for their scholarly advice and generous help during my study in Foreign Language School of Shanghai Institute of Technology. Any progress that I have made is the result of their profound concern and selfless devotion. Among them the following requires mentioning: Professor Cheng, and Professor Huai.
Abstract
Heart of darkness is one of Joseph Conrad’s most typical and well-known novels to use narrative to dig out the author’s understanding of human nature. The novel takes the character Kurtz as a model in order to show the devastation caused by colonialism in humanity. In terms of human nature, there are a lot of controversies and arguments all the time. Humanity includes a man’s temperament, and it is influenced by genetic factors, environmental factors, educational factors and so on. Everyone has his own positive side and negative side in his/her human nature, so humanity is contradictory but not conflicting. It is hard to define what it exactly is and what it will become. Heart of Darkness is a mixture of adventure stories, black humor, colonial irony and a reflection of humanity. By describing what Marlow, the narrator, has seen and heard, the novel discovers the darkness in the Africa continent at Joseph Conrad’s time.
The thesis introduces the colonialism and imperialism background under which Joseph Conrad is influenced. It analyzes in detail the dark side and the bright side of human nature revealed in Heart of Darkness. Based on social factors, psychological factors, the persity of human nature and the author’s duality during that period, the thesis presents Kurtz’s contradictory of his human nature and the changes of his human nature between goodness and evil, highlighting the author’s intention of writing the novel. It criticizes colonialism and imperialism which lead to the degeneration of human nature and summarizes Kurtz’s failure as well as what it should be taken as an alarm for the readers.

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Key Words: human nature, colonialism, contradictory
摘要 《黑暗的心》是約瑟夫•康拉德最出名且具有代表性的著作之一。作者用敘述手法挖掘出了他對人性的理解并且以庫爾茲為原型來表現殖民主義對人性的摧殘與毀壞。對于人性的本質,人們對此一直爭論不休。人性代表一個人的性情,它包含了人與生俱來的正面的性格,它被基因因素,環境因素,教育因素等等所影響。每個人都有他自己的正面與陰暗面,人性所以是矛盾但又不沖突的。沒人能夠準確定義它到底是什么并且會變成什么樣子。這部小說集結了冒險情節,黑色幽默,殖民反諷與人性的體現。小說通過描述敘述者馬洛的所見所聞來探索非洲大陸的黑暗。
論文介紹了約瑟夫•康拉德所處的殖民主義與帝國主義時代背景,詳細分析了《黑暗的心》中人性所展現的善的一面與惡的一面。根據當時的社會因素,心理因素,人性多樣性與作者受時代影響而固有的雙重性,論文著重展現與剖析了小說中重要人物庫爾茲人性的矛盾面及其在善與惡之間的轉變, 凸顯作者的寫作意圖,批判殖民主義及帝國主義對于人性的摧殘。論文最后總結了庫爾茲的失敗與其對于讀者的警示。
畢業論文關鍵詞:人性,殖民主義,矛盾
CONTENTS
Acknowledgements..    i
Abstract.    ii 試析《黑暗的心》中人性的轉變:http://www.aftnzs.live/yingyu/20190517/33433.html
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