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從生態批評理論角度分析小說《白鯨》

時間:2019-05-17 22:07來源:英語論文
The Unavoidable Consequence of Defying the Nature—Self-Destruction The Analysis of Moby-Dick from the Perspective of Eco-criticism Theory英語論文挑戰自然不可避免的后果自我毀滅從生態批評理論角度分析小說《白

Acknowledgments  My writing of this thesis has smoothly come to an end, and I hereby would like to extend my sincere gratitude to the following people for their selfless dedication and contribution to my thesis. 35466
My profound gratitude first goes to Associate Prof. Sun Hongying, my supervisor, for her constant guidance and encouragement in the process of my writing. She offered me considerable and constructive advice, practical and profound suggestions on the completion of my paper. Just under her careful and patient guidance, I begin to get a clear idea of the paper and fully frame it out.  Without her support and help, the completion of the present thesis is impossible.
I am also very grateful to all other teachers of the School of Foreign Languages who gave me direct or indirect help during my study in the college.
I am also grateful to my classmates and roommates for their encouragement, support, comments and wise advice.
Last, I wish to devote this paper to my parents for their everlasting dedication that they have shown since I was just a little child.
 Abstract
Under the profound influence of western civilization---the thought of marine systems, in the era of the 19th century of Industrial Revolution, whaling industry became the signal human activity for the unlimited commercial profit and benefit as well as demonstrating their mettle through the adventurous conquest of nature and its inhabitants.
With the impact of human activities on nature, as well as the deterioration of the natural environment, Ecology and Ecological theory in literary criticism emerged, exploring and studying the relationship between man and nature as well as the detrimental impact of human activities on nature due to the anthropocentric concept in human history.
This paper aims to arouse people’s ecological awareness through browsing the plot and analyzing the theme of the masterpiece of ocean novel by Herman Melville, who revealed the loss of human awe to nature and its subsequent disasters and self-destruction from the perspective of eco-criticism. 源¥自%六:維;論-文'網=www.aftnzs.live
Key words: Eco-criticism, heroism, natural balance, anthropocentric
摘要在西方海洋文明思想體系的深刻影響下,在19 世紀西方工業文明的時代,西方在對待人與自然的關系問題上以捕鯨業為代表,顯示出了人類對自然無限索取,并不斷挑戰自然,征服自然的西方英雄主義表現得尤為突出。

隨著人類活動對大自然的影響與破壞,以及人類生存環境的日益惡化。生態批評理論在文學界應運而生。這種批評理論將文學與生態相結合,探討人與自然的關系的同時研究人類有史以來存在的人類中心主義行為給自然帶來的不利影響。

本課題試圖通過挖掘和分析作者赫爾曼•麥爾維爾的海洋著作的寫作主題,喚起人們的生態意識,揭示了從生態批評視角下人類違背自然所帶來的自我毀滅。
畢業論文關鍵詞:生態批評理論,個人英雄主義,生態平衡,人類中心主義
 CONTENTS
Acknowledgments    i
Abstract    ii
摘要    iii
1 Introduction    2
1.1 The Author’s Personal Experiences Background and the Creation of the Novel    2
1.2 The Plot of the Novel Moby Dick    3
2 The Theory of Eco-criticism    5
2.1 The Definition of Eco criticism    5
2.2 The Emergence and Development of Eco criticism    6

3 The Relation between the Nature and the Whale    9
3.1 The Unhealthy Development of Whale Industry    9
3.2 The Reckless Insanity of the Captain and crews in tracing Moby Dick    11
3.3 The Appreciation from the Only Survivor——Ishmael    13 源¥自%六:維;論-文'網=www.aftnzs.live
4 Conclusion    16Bibliography    18 從生態批評理論角度分析小說《白鯨》:http://www.aftnzs.live/yingyu/20190517/33428.html
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