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淺析歐亨利短篇小說中的幽默與諷刺藝術

時間:2019-05-11 18:05來源:英語論文
The Analysis of Humor and Irony in O.Henry’s Short Stories ,英語論文淺析歐亨利短篇小說中的幽默與諷刺藝術

Acknowledgments  I would like to express my deep appreciation to these people who have helped me and given me exact guidance during my writing.
My first gratitude goes to Professor Zheng, my supervisor, who gives me many constructive and important advices during all the process of writing my thesis. She provided many useful suggestions. Under the help of her, I make my thesis’s proposal clear, which let my writing come to an end smoothly.35327
In addition to my committee, I want to thank Professor Zhong, my English teacher, who gave me valuable advices on improving my English skills.
Finally, I extend my warmest thanks to my roommates. I enjoyed my life there with all the members. I am grateful for their support and friendship.
Abstract
O.Henry is a world famous master of short stories, and he is also the founder of American contemporary short stories. There are many classic works in his life. As the American humor master, his utilization of humor and irony cannot be underestimated. His knitting skills of the vicissitudes of life are endless. Humor and exaggeration give his novels new meanings. These skills impress the readers a lot.
Due to the significant influence of O.Henry in American literature, this paper focuses on the discussion of the writing styles of humor and irony and the purpose of this writing style, aiming at helping readers have a deep understanding of the real purpose of his writing styles and the deep connotation of his short stories.
 The thesis consists of six parts, starting from a brief introduction of his life and literature achievements. Following the introduction comes the detailed analysis of his humor and irony writing style. Naturally, the writing styles will be introduced based on the aspects of plot, language, main ideas and other aspects. With the combination of this two writing styles, the fourth part makes an attempt to revel the main reasons of his famous humor and irony writing styles, including the social background and personal life experience. Based on the aforementioned analysis, the fifth part will arrive at a conclusion and give readers clear information that the real purpose of using this two writing styles in his short stories. 源¥自%六:維;論-文'網=www.aftnzs.live
Key Words:  O, Henry, humor, irony, human nature
摘要 歐亨利是世界著名的短篇小說巨匠,同時也是當代美國短篇小說的奠基人。他的一生中,涌現了大量經典作品。作為美國幽默大師的歐•亨利在小說中對幽默與諷刺的運用也不可小覷。他對人世悲歡離合的編織技巧是無窮無盡的,幽默與諷刺都使整個小說有了新的意義,給人留下持久而又深刻的回味。
基于歐亨利在美國文學界的如此重要的地位,本文將從歐亨利的短篇小說的幽默與諷刺這兩大寫作特色來對他的多篇小說進行探討。旨在讓讀者通過從小說表面讀到的幽默與諷刺來明白歐亨利寫作的真實用意,從而進一步對他的寫作藝術手法和小說內涵有更深層次的了解。
全文分為六個章節。第一章是對他的文學成就以及個人的生平做一個簡單的介紹。第二章從標題,情節,語言,結尾等方面分析幽默的寫作手法。第三章從語言,主題,人物刻畫等方面分析諷刺藝術。而第四章則結合第二第三張的內容將從歐亨利的生活經歷和當時的社會背景分析其幽默與諷刺寫作風格的原因。第五章將探討其幽默與諷刺的藝術手法背后的真實目的。在進行上述分析后,第六章將對全文進行一個總結。
畢業論文關鍵詞:歐亨利,幽默,諷刺,人性
CONTENTS
Acknowledgements…i
Abstract…ii
摘要…..iii
1 Introduction    1
2 Humor in O.Henry’s Short Stories    3
2.1 Plot    3
2.2 Language    4
2.3 Surprising Ending    5
3 Irony in O.Henry’s Short Stories    7 淺析歐亨利短篇小說中的幽默與諷刺藝術:http://www.aftnzs.live/yingyu/20190511/33221.html
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