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《太陽照常升起》迷惘的一代

時間:2019-05-10 21:10來源:英語論文
The Interpretation of the Lost Generation in The Sun Also Rises《太陽照常升起》迷惘的一代

Abstract Ernest Hemingway’s first novel The Sun Also Rises portrays the lives of a group of American men and women who took part in World War One and then lived in Paris after the war. Two main characters of this novel, Jake Barnes and Brett Ashley, are the typical representatives of these people whose lives are full of misery and emptiness. The war shattered their bodies and their beliefs in traditional values. They indulged themselves in bars as well as casual sexual relationship and got the name of “The Lost Generation”. This thesis analyzes the emergence of “The Lost Generation” and its characterization in the novel. And the focal point of this thesis lies in the character analysis of Jake and Brett. It is not difficult to find Jake’s endurance and pursuit of the spirit of striving by comparing him with Hemingway’s code hero. Yet, his failure of fighting bravely with the miserable life makes him an alternative code hero. Brett is a “lost” new woman and her striving for equality with men is exhibited vividly through her appearance and conduct. All in all, as the representatives of “The Lost Generation”, they are a group of people who keep the quality of endurance and the spirit of striving under the surface of misery and emptiness.35251
Key Words: “The Lost Generation”      endurance     spirit of striving     alternative code hero     “lost” new woman
摘 要厄內斯特•海明威的第一部小說《太陽照常升起》描繪了一群參加了第一次世界大戰并在戰后旅居巴黎的年輕人的痛苦、空虛的生活。小說的兩個主要人物杰克•巴恩斯和勃萊特•阿施利就是這群年輕人的杰出代表。戰爭摧殘了他們的身體和傳統價值觀念,他們沉迷于酒吧和放縱隨意的性關系中,成為了“迷惘的一代”。本文首先從社會背景的角度分析了“迷惘的一代”的產生原因及其在小說中的體現。對杰克和勃萊特的人物分析是本文的重點:通過與海明威硬漢形象的對比不難發現,杰克身上具有堅忍的品質和對斗爭精神的追求但缺乏與生活斗爭的勇氣,因此他是一個另類的硬漢;勃萊特則是一個迷惘的新女性,本文分析了她的外貌和行為方式并得出她具有追求與男性平等地位的精神的結論。總之, 作為“迷惘的一代”的代表人物他們是一群在痛苦和空虛中依然堅忍且保持著追求精神的人。
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畢業論文關鍵詞:迷惘的一代     堅忍     追求精神     另類硬漢     迷惘的新女性
Contents
Abstract..i
中文摘要...ii
Contentsiii
Introduction...1
Chapter One  The Emergence of “The Lost Generation” and its Characterization..4
1.1.  The Emergence of “The Lost Generation”...4
1.2      The Characterization of “The Lost Generation” in the Novel6
Chapter Two  Jake Barnes: An Alternative Code Hero8
2.1. Hemingway’s Code Hero....8
2.2 Jake’s Endurance and Pursuit for the Spirit of Striving...9
    2.3. A Comparison between Jake and Hemingway’s Code Hero.11
Chapter Three  Brett Ashley: A “Lost” New Woman.12
3.1. Brett as a New Woman..12
3.2. Masculinity in Brett...13
3.3. The True Image of Brett: A “Lost” New Woman..14
Conclusion... 15
Works Cited. 16
The Interpretation of the Lost Generation in
The Sun Also Rises
Introduction
Ernest Hemingway was one of the most important novelists in American Literature. The principle themes of his novel include: war and exciting activities such as hunting, fishing, bull-fighting and boxing. Most of the characters in Hemingway’s novels were in constant struggle with pressure, death or other forms of challenges while they were able to live gracefully and maintain their code of honor and courage. Thus, they were named by the critics, the code hero. Hemingway’s brilliant writing techniques and man’s bravery and courage displayed in his novels has produced far-reaching influences in the world. 《太陽照常升起》迷惘的一代 :http://www.aftnzs.live/yingyu/20190510/33104.html
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