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《哈克貝利?費恩歷險記》成長主題小說分析

時間:2019-05-10 21:06來源:英語論文
The Analysis of the theme of growth in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn英語論文《哈克貝利?費恩歷險記》成長主題小說分析

Abstract The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a masterpiece of American writer Mark Twain and it is of great significance in the history of American literature. Huckleberry, the protagonist of the novel, meets Jim, a black slave, in his pursuit of freedom. The two young boys go through various setbacks and frustrations. The novel was viewed by Hemingway as the source of modern American literature. As a novel depicting the initiation course of the adolescent, it is greatly worthy of being studied in the theme of growth. It not only speaks highly of white boy Huckleberry’s kindness and wit, but also creates a black slave with great dignity.35250
The thesis begins with the definition of the growth novel and analyzes the general characteristics of American growth novel. Based on the text of the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, it will firstly discuss the causes an effects of Huckleberry’s each single escape. Then, it puts an emphasis on Huck’s realization of the conflict between himself and the civilized society through five escapes. Huck eventually chooses to get rid of the constraints of the society and finishes his moral growth. In the final chapter, it will explore the significance of the escape to Huck’s initiation.
Key Words: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn     Initiation story     Escape  
摘  要《哈克貝利•費恩歷險記》是美國作家馬克•吐溫的代表作,該小說在美國文學史上具有非常重要的意義。小說的主人公哈克貝利在追求自由的過程中遇到了黑奴吉姆,兩人經歷了許多挫折和磨難。 小說被海明威評價為整個現代美國文學的來源。作為一部記述青少年成長過程的小說,該小說在成長主題方面具有很大的研究價值。它不僅贊揚了白人男孩哈克貝利的機智與善良,也塑造了以為富有尊嚴的黑奴形象。 源¥自%六:維;論-文'網=www.aftnzs.live
本文首先討論何為成長小說,然后分析美國成長小說的一般特征。繼而以《哈克貝利•費恩歷險記》為文本,著重分析哈克在五次逃跑前因后果,探討哈客貝利是如何認識到自己與文明世界的矛盾,冰最終主動選擇擺脫文明世界的束縛,實現其道德成長。最后,本文論述每一次逃跑對哈克成長的重大意義。
畢業論文關鍵詞:哈克貝利•費恩歷險記     成長小說     逃跑
Contents
Abstract ..i
摘 要. ii
Contents  iii
Introduction... 1
Chapter One Initiation Story .4
1.1 Definition of the Initiation Story.4
1.2 American Initiation Story and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn... .4
Chapter Two Five Escapes in Huck’s Initiation.7
2.1    The First Escape..7
2.2    The Second Escape.8
2.3    The Third Escape9
2.4    The Fourth Escape10
2.5    The Fifth Escape.. 11
Conclusion13
Works Cited..14
The Analysis of the Theme of Growth in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Introduction
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is one of the representative works of Mark Twain, a great novelist in America. When first printed in 1884, it was highly accepted and admired among readers, yet receiving a controversial review in American literature. However, many great writers give a high praise on this book , such as Earnest Hemingway, who commented:“All modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn... It’s the best book we’ve read”( Wang 3). Over a century later, this book is generally acknowledged as a classic initiation story by readers all over the world.
In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , Huck , the hero, is a kind, naughty and innocent adolescent , who yearns for freedom and the nature. Due to the unbearable maltreatment from his father Rap, a drunkard, he runs away to Jackson Island. There, he encounters Jim, a runaway black slave, and they keep company to go on their adventures along the Mississippi River. During the journey, they meet different kinds of conspiracy including the white searching Jim for the reward, boatmen’ s murder, feud between two South Families and the King and the Duke’s chief. To avoid the plot and pursue the inner freedom, they escape time and time again. During the escape, “Huck realizes the friendship of Jim and the hypocrisy, deceit and corruptness of the social civilization”(Huo 34). At last, he chooses to help the black Jim get freedom and becomes mature physically and mentally. 《哈克貝利?費恩歷險記》成長主題小說分析:http://www.aftnzs.live/yingyu/20190510/33103.html
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