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《第二十二條軍規》人物性格象征意義

時間:2019-04-30 22:32來源:英語論文
A Brief Analysis of Typical Characters and Their Symbolic Meanings in Catch-22英語論文《第二十二條軍規》人物性格象征意義

Abstract Catch-22, Joseph Heller’s masterpiece, mainly describes the wartime experience of Army Air Corps Captain John Yossarian who always tries all he can to avoid combat missions in the Second World War. It has long been regarded as a representative work of the Black Humor in 1960s.35051
Instead of concentrating on the style of Black Humor, this thesis tries to analyze the huge effects the war have brought to all kinds of people and the anomalies people behave under the circumstance of the war in Catch-22. Three typical characters, including Colonel Cathcart,Milo Minderbinder and John Yossarian are chosen to highlight their abnormal characters. This thesis tries to find out all kinds of abnormal behaviors they have performed and probe into the symbolic meanings of these characters. In the novel, Colonel Cathcart is a symbol of inhuman power, Milo Minderbinder represents the capitalism, and John Yossarian stands for rebellion with his rebellion to his superiors and his doomed destiny. In addition, the thesis intends to argue that all of the characters’ anomalies result from the war. The end of this thesis points out the huge damage that the war can bring to both people’s mentality and body with a consideration to call on people to work together to keep away from wars and maintain the precious peace.
Key Words: Catch-22     Joseph Heller     characters     symbolic meaning
摘  要《第二十二條軍規》是美國作家約瑟夫•海勒一生當中最重要的作品,主要講述了二戰期間空軍上尉約瑟連設法逃避參戰的故事。該小說被認為是上世紀60年代黑色幽默風格的代表。
本文沒有從傳統的黑色幽默風格出發,而是立足于戰爭對社會各階級人們生活的影響,討論《第二十二條軍規》中不同的人物在戰爭的摧殘下所表現出的種種令人匪夷所思的異象。本文選取了《第二十二條軍規》中最具代表性的卡斯卡特上尉、米洛以及主人公約瑟連進行分析,從他們身上獨特的性格特點出發,發掘他們身上在第二次世界大戰這種特有的戰爭環境下所表現出來的種種異象,思索小說中人物性格的象征意義。在小說中,卡斯卡特上尉象征了毫無人性、冷酷無情的統治階級權力,米洛象征著資本主義或者資本化的過程,而小說的主人公約瑟連則是象征著小人物身上的那種對命運的反抗。最后,本文認為所有的問題都根源于戰爭,深入論述了戰爭給人帶來的各種身體傷害和心靈的摧殘,呼吁人們共同努力,遠離戰爭維護和平。 源¥自%六:維;論-文'網=www.aftnzs.live
畢業論文關鍵詞:《第二十二條軍規》     約瑟夫•海勒     人物性格     象征意義
Contents
Abstract  i
摘要 ii
Contents  iii
    Introduction …1
Chapter One Colonel Cathcart : A Symbol of Inhuman Power … 5
Chapter Two Milo Minderbinder : A Symbol of Capitalism  7
Chapter Three John Yossarian : A Symbol of Rebellion … 10
Conclusion   12  
Works Cited…14
A Brief Analysis of Typical Characters and Their Symbolic Meanings in Catch-22
Introduction
Joseph Heller (May 1, 1923—December 12, 1999) was one of the most prominent American satirical novelists, short story writers, and also the representative of black humor in the postwar period. During his life, Heller wrote three plays, six novels, a dozen short stories, reviews and also many autobiographical articles. Although he has written many works, such as Something Happened, God Knows, Closing Time, concentrating on the lives of various members of the middle class and remaining examples of modern satire, he is mostly remembered for his masterpiece Catch-22, which occupies an important role in black humor.
The line of the Catch-22 was thought of by Heller when he was sitting at home one morning in 1953. When the novel came into being published, it describes the wartime experience of Army Air Corps Captain John Yossarian who always tries all he can to avoid combat missions, while the military bureaucracy can always have him stay. Just as what Heller himself has observed, “Everyone in my book accuses everyone else of being crazy. Frankly, I think the whole society is nuts---and the question is: What does a sane do in an insane society?” Heller has also commented that only peace can maintain the civilization of human beings. 《第二十二條軍規》人物性格象征意義:http://www.aftnzs.live/yingyu/20190430/32831.html
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