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河南省植物新品種權申請保護現狀與產業發展調查

時間:2019-05-21 13:02來源:畢業論文
我國尤其是河南省的植物新品種申請權以及授權數據進行匯總、比較分析,針對我省植物保護工作中存在的申請及授權總量雖逐年上升但申請授權主題結構失衡等問題,提出了相關意見

摘要:植物新品種的培育是很復雜的過程,科研單位以及育種人既要有需要過硬的專業知識和熟練的技術,而且人力資源、物質資源和大量的資金也是必不可少的。通常情況下,想要培育出遺傳性狀較為穩定、生物學性狀較為理想、抗病蟲性、抗寒性、抗旱性等各方面都符合大批量生產要求的優質新品種,選育時間一般需要10至15年。顯而易見,每一個植物新品種的培育都匯聚者育種人以及科研工作者的辛勤勞動和很大心血。所以,為了確保育種者的權利不受侵害,并且從根本上激發他們培育植物新品種的積極性,必須要對植物新品種實行必要的保護措施。本文對2000年-2010年以來,我國尤其是河南省的植物新品種申請權以及授權數據進行匯總、比較分析,針對我省植物保護工作中存在的申請及授權總量雖逐年上升但申請授權主題結構失衡等問題,提出了相關意見及要求,我省應加強植物品種保護意識,并適當采取激勵政策;嚴格遵守《中華人民共和國植物新品種保護條例》,提高行政執法水平;同時應加大植物品種更趨豐富的力度,優化失衡的品種結構。35624
畢業論文關鍵詞:農業植物新品種保護;申請授權;政策;發展;河南.
Protection of New Plant Varieties, Application Present Situation and the Industrial Development in Henan Province
Abstract: Breeding new varieties of plant is a very complex process, The breeders not only needs certain professional knowledge and technology ,but also manpower, material resources and capital investment. The product has a relatively stable genetic traits and relative consistency of  biology. The conditions of cultivation, and in a certain region, in such aspects as production, quality, resistance to diseases and pests that met the need of the production of new varieties will need about 10 to 15 years and even longer. Therefore, in order to protect the rights of breeders, arouse their enthusiasm and creativity, new plant varieties must be protected. In this paper, the rights and authorization data of the new plant varieties in China of the 2000-2010 especially in Henan province was summarized, comparatively analyzed. There are many problems in the work of plant protection in our province, such as the application and authorization amount is rising year by year, but the authorization theme structural is imbalances, to solve it, we put forward some opinions and requirements: we should strengthen the consciousness of the plant varieties protection and adopt appropriate incentives; We must strictly comply with the new plant varieties protection ordinance of the People's Republic of China and improve the level of administrative law enforcement; At the same time, We should intensify the efforts to make the plant varieties more abundant and optimize the structure of the varieties imbalances.

源¥自%六^^維*論-文+網=www.aftnzs.live


Keywords:Agricultural new plant varieties protection;Authorization;Policy;Henan.
目    錄
摘 要    1
引 言    2
1 材料和方法    3
1.1七種主要農作物品種權的申請及授權數量的收集計信息    3
1.2七種農作物品種權數量的生物統計分析    3
2 河南省農業植物新品種保護的基本現狀    3
2.1新品種保護申請數量呈上升趨勢    3
2.2申請種類比較集中    5
2.3我省農業植物新品種申請和授權呈現地域分布不均衡的趨勢    6
2.4缺乏足夠的政策扶持,植物新品種保護管理體系和激勵機制不健全    6
2.5科研經費不足,申請費用高,進而影響育種者申請品種權的積極性    6
2.6審查速度較慢,不適應植物新品種保護發展的需要    6 河南省植物新品種權申請保護現狀與產業發展調查:http://www.aftnzs.live/shengwu/20190521/33657.html
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