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中美貿易失衡的現狀及對策分析

時間:2019-07-04 13:04來源:畢業論文
通過歷年來的統計數據對中美貿易失衡的現狀進行描述和回顧,以分析失衡產生的原因以及對中美兩國經濟發展和社會環境產生的影響,最后針對性的給出切實可行的解決策略

摘  要:中美貿易已經有了百年的歷史,尤其是中美建交和改革開放的全面展開將兩國的貿易交流與合作掀起了一個新的浪潮。中國的經濟在飛速的發展,中美之間的貿易關系也在快速轉變,貿易交往的程度也越來越高,我國是美國最大的貿易合作伙伴,互利共贏是兩國的共同選擇。然而美國嚴格的出口管制政策,過度的貿易保護主義,兩國不同的統計標準,我國內需嚴重不足,以及長期以來大量的引進外商投資進行出口創匯等原因加劇了兩國的貿易失衡。面對這種失衡加劇的現狀,兩國政府應通過友好的協商與洽談去調和美國對華政策性管制,中國政府應采取措施拉動國內需求,在保出口的基礎上增加進口,優化對外資的引進,擴大對外投資,讓我國企業走向國際大舞臺,采取對策使兩國的統計標準趨于一致等措施來減緩失衡。因此通過歷年來的統計數據對中美貿易失衡的現狀進行描述和回顧,以分析失衡產生的原因以及對中美兩國經濟發展和社會環境產生的影響,最后針對性的給出切實可行的解決策略。36790
畢業論文關鍵詞:中美貿易失衡;出口管制;外商投資   
The Present Situation and countermeasure research of Sino-US trade imbalance
   Abstract: Sino-us trade has had a history of one hundred years, Especially diplomatic ties and the reform and open policy in full swing to trade exchanges and cooperation between the two countries have set off a new wave .China’s economy is booming,the trade relations of China and United States is rapidly shifting ,the degree of trade exchanges between the more and more is so high . Our country is America’s largest trade partner .mutual benefit and win-win results is a common choose between the two countries. However ,strict export control policy in the United States ,excessive trade protectionism ,a serious shortage of domestic demand in China ,the two countries different statistical standards ,And has long been a lot of foreign investment in China for export and so on reasons contributed to the bilateral trade imbalance .In the face of such imbalance ,the government should through the friendly consultation and negotiation between the two countries to reconcile America’s China policy regulation .the Chinese government should take measures to boost domestic demand .On the basis of guaranteed exports increase imports .optimization of the introduction of foreign investment ,expand investments  abroad let the Chinese enterprises go global ,to take countermeasures to make statistical standards converge to slow the imbalance between the two countries ..In this article ,through the years of statistical data on the current situation of Sino-US trade imbalance is  described and reviewed .In order to analysis the causes of imbalance as well as to the economic development in China and the United States and the impact of social environment ,and finally put forward the feasible of constructive countermeasures .

源¥自%六^^維*論-文+網=www.aftnzs.live


Key Words: Sino-Us trade imbalance; export control; foreign investment    
目    錄
摘  要    1
Abstract .    3
一 、中美貿易失衡的現狀    4
(一)失衡嚴重    4
(二)中美兩國外貿依存度高    5
(三)雙反問題    5
二 、中美貿易失衡的原因分析    7
(一)美國的出口管制政策    7
(二)我國內需嚴重不足    8
(三)中美兩國的統計標準差異    9
(四)大量的外商投資加劇了貿易失衡    10
三 、減緩中美貿易失衡所應采取的對策    10
(一)調和美國對華管制    10 中美貿易失衡的現狀及對策分析:http://www.aftnzs.live/jingji/20190704/35376.html
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