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上海市產業結構升級對地區經濟增長貢獻研究

時間:2019-06-01 20:47來源:畢業論文
運用Eviews軟件對數據進行了計量經濟分析,通過多組回歸分析,比較后求得GDP與各產業產出之間的關系。目前,上海市第二產業發展有所放緩,但仍然對GDP貢獻最大

摘要:改革開放以來,我國的GDP總量逐年攀升,每年以平均7.8%的速度增長,在2010年已經成為世界上的第二大經濟體。然而其中也不免存在著一些問題,比如投資結構不合理、資源配置的不合理、環境惡化等。因此有必要更加關注產業結構的發展軌跡,并加以調整,從而使得經濟更加健康的發展下去。35896
上海作為我國的經濟中心,產業結構的調整一直領先其他地區,這其中部分得益于國家給予的大量政策支持。從本文的時間范圍(1990-2013)來看,上海的第一產業產出大體上年年增加,然而它的比重持續下降,從最初的1990年4.4%下降2013年的0.59%;第二產業整體上處于一個不斷增長的趨勢,同第一產業一樣,它的比重也在不斷地下降中,從1990年的64.7%到2013的37.2%;第三產業產值逐年上升,從最初的30.9%上升到1998的50.8%,就在這一年超過了第二產業,在此之后一直保持增加,至2013年達到62.2%。
本文根據1990-2013年的上海GDP以及各產業的產出數據,運用Eviews軟件對數據進行了計量經濟分析,通過多組回歸分析,比較后求得GDP與各產業產出之間的關系。目前,上海市第二產業發展有所放緩,但仍然對GDP貢獻最大,第三產業次之。根據本文的分析,上海市應該繼續發展第三產業,提高它在GDP中的比例。
畢業論文關鍵詞:產業;產業結構;經濟增長;政策建議
Contribution of Industrial Structure Upgrade for Shanghai  Economic Growth
Abstract:Since reform and opening o, China's total GDP has increased steadily, with an average annual growth rate of 7.8%. In 2010, it has became the second largest economy in the world. However,  there are some problems inevitably, such as the investment structure is irrational, irrational allocation of resources, and environmental degradation. In order to make the economy more healthy grow, we need to pay more attention to the the track of development of the industrial structure , and make adjustments 源¥自%六^^維*論-文+網=www.aftnzs.live
As China's economic center Shanghai, the adjustment of industrial structure has been ahead of other regions,it thanks to a large number of policies which support the State in part. From the time of this article (1990-2013), the Shanghai's first industrial output increased substantially every year, but its share continued to decline, decline of 0.59 percent in 2013 from 4.4% in the initial 1990; The second industry is a growing  trend, with the primary industry, as its specific gravity is continually decreased in 64.7% from 1990 to 2013 of 37.2%; the tertiary industry output value increased year by year, from the initial 30.9% in 1998 rising to 50.8% ,in this year it surpass the second industry, after which it has kept increasing until 2013 to reach 62.2%.
Based on the 1990 - 2013 data of Shanghai’s GDP and output of every industry, using the data to make econometric analysis by Eviews, I make multiple sets of regression analysis, by comparison  calculating relationship between the GDP and industry output. At present, the development of secondary industry in Shanghai has slowed, but still the largest contribution to GDP, the tertiary industry followed . According to the analysis in this paper, Shanghai should continue to develop the tertiary industry and increase its share in GDP.
Key Words:Industry;Industry Structure; Economic Growth; Policy advice
目錄
一、 緒論    1
(一)    研究的背景與意義    1
1、研究背景    1
2、研究意義    1
(二)    國內外相關研究進展    2
1、第一種方法的代表學者及其理論    2
2、第二個方法的代表學者及其理論    2
二、    理論基礎及Eviews軟件介紹    4 上海市產業結構升級對地區經濟增長貢獻研究:http://www.aftnzs.live/jingji/20190601/34077.html
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